Stress is a significant problem of our times and affects both physical as well as the mental health of people. Stress is defined as a situation where the organism‘s homeostasis is threatened or the organism perceives a situation as threatening. Stress management techniques are the cognitive, behavioural and psychological efforts to deal with stress. After a thorough literature review in major databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Science Direct) the following techniques were identified and are presented here: progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training, relaxation response, biofeedback, emotional freedom technique, guided imagery, diaphragmatic breathing, transcendental meditation, cognitive behavioural therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction and emotional freedom technique.
Conclusion: These are all evidence-based techniques, easy to learn and practice, with good results in individuals with good health or with a disease.